International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry  (English Edition)
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Int J Esthet Dent 12 (2017), No. 3     4. Aug. 2017
Int J Esthet Dent 12 (2017), No. 3  (04.08.2017)

Page 352-376, PubMed:28717793


Altered passive eruption (APE) and active secondary eruption (ASE): differential diagnosis and management
Ahmad, Irfan
The process of tooth eruption consists of two phases, active and passive. While the distinction is unequivocal, the mechanism is ambiguous. This article compares and contrasts altered passive eruption (APE) and active secondary eruption (ASE). Although these phases present with similar clinical manifestations, each has its own etiology, physiogenesis, and pathogenesis. Furthermore, the differential diagnosis between the two, and that between other mirroring conditions, is essential for arriving at a definite diagnosis and correct treatment strategies, which may be similar but have different consequences. This article concludes with two case studies that show the management of APE and ASE, highlighting the treatment similarities and differences that are dependent on the specific etiology.
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