Int J Esthet Dent 9 (2014), No. 3 1. Aug. 2014
Int J Esthet Dent 9 (2014), No. 3 (01.08.2014)
Page 382-401, PubMed:25126618
Influence of enamel composite thickness on value, chroma and translucency of a high and a nonhigh refractive index resin composite
Ferraris, Federico / Diamantopoulou, Sofia / Acunzo, Raffaele / Alcidi, Renato
Objectives: To evaluate the influence of thickness on the optical properties of two enamel shade composites, one with a high refractive index and one traditional.
Methods: A medium value enamel shade was selected from the resin composites Enamel Plus HRi (UE2) and Enamel Plus HFO (GE2). Enamel Plus HRi is a high refractive index composite. Samples were fabricated in five different thicknesses: 0.3, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 mm. Three specimens per material and thickness were fabricated. Three measurements per sample, over white, black and dentin composite background were generated with a spectrophotometer (Spectroshade Micro, MHT). Value, chroma, translucency and color differences (ΔE) of the specimens were calculated. Results were analyzed by the Pearson correlation test, ANOVA and a post-hoc Tukey test.
Results: Increasing the thickness of the enamel layers decreased the translucency and the chroma of the substrate for both materials tested. For HRi the increase of the thickness resulted in an increase of the value, whereas for HFO it resulted in a reduction of the value. The two composites showed a significant difference in value for each thickness, but not in translucency and chroma. Color difference between them was perceptible in layers equal or higher than 0.5 mm.
Conclusions: The high refractive index enamel (HRi) composite exhibits different optical behavior compared to the traditional one (HFO). HRi enamel composite behaves more like natural enamel as by increasing the thickness of the enamel layer, the value also increases.