Int J Esthet Dent 11 (2016), No. 4 14. Oct. 2016
Int J Esthet Dent 11 (2016), No. 4 (14.10.2016)
Page 482-493, PubMed:27730219
Soft tissue cone beam computed tomography (ST-CBCT) for the planning of esthetic crown lengthening procedures
Schertel Cassiano, Luisa / Barriviera, Mauricio / Suzuki, Sandra / Giacomelli Nascimento, Gustavo / Lourenço Januario, Alessandro / Hilgert, Leandro Augusto / Rodrigues Duarte, Wagner
Objective: The aim of this study was to measure the clinical crown, anatomical crown, and amount of gingiva covering the enamel of anterior maxillary teeth with soft tissue cone beam computed tomography (ST-CBCT) and thus propose a protocol for the application of this noninvasive method for the planning of esthetic crown lengthening procedures to prevent undesired root exposure.
Materials and methods: Ten young patients (mean age 22.8 years) requiring esthetic crown lengthening surgeries but not restorative procedures were included in this study. The ST-CBCT images were analyzed with an image editor and analysis software (Pixelmator 3.2), and the clinical crown, anatomical crown, and amount of gingiva covering the enamel were measured.
Results: The mean value of the length of the anatomical crowns of the central incisors, lateral incisors, and canines were 11.06 mm, 9.55 mm, and 9.77 mm, respectively. Thus, the canines were approximately 1.3 mm shorter than the central incisors.
Conclusion: It was shown that ST-CBCT is a useful tool to assess the actual length of the anatomical crown and the amount of gingival tissue that needs to be surgically removed in an esthetic crown lengthening procedure to prevent undesired root exposure. Thus, ST-CBCT is a helpful noninvasive procedure for the planning of esthetic crown lengthening surgeries, making it possible to better predict their final outcome.