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International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry  (English Edition)



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Int J Esthet Dent 12 (2017), No. 1     1. Feb. 2017
Int J Esthet Dent 12 (2017), No. 1  (01.02.2017)

Page 86-94, PubMed:28117857

Synergistic effects of sodium ascorbate and acetone to restore compromised bond strength after enamel bleaching
Boruziniat, Alireza / Manafi, Safa / Cehreli, Zafer C.
Aim: To evaluate the effect of a new experimental solution containing sodium ascorbate (SA) and acetone on reversing compromised bonding to enamel immediately after bleaching.
Materials and methods: The buccal surface of intact, extracted human premolars (n = 60) was bleached. The teeth were then randomly assigned to 6 groups according to the type of pretreatment applied prior to adhesive procedures: 10% SA in acetone-water solution applied for 1 and 5 min (groups 1 and 2, respectively); aqueous solution of 10% SA applied for 10 min (group 3); 100% acetone applied for 10 min (group 4); no pretreatment (negative control; group 5). An additional group (positive control; group 6) comprised unbleached teeth (n = 12). Two composite microcylinders were bonded on each specimen for evaluation of microshear bond strength (MBS) and failure modes. Data were analyzed using the one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc and chi-square tests at P = 0.05.
Results: Groups 1 and 2 yielded similar MBS values to groups 4 and 6 (positive control). The mean MBS of groups 3 and 5 (negative control) were similar, and significantly lower than that of the positive control group.
Conclusion: The application of 10% SA in an acetone-water solution prior to bonding procedures can restore compromised enamel bond strength to its unbleached state within a clinically acceptable time of 1 min.